Mathura, Uttar Pradesh- Lord Krishna
Located within the proverbial ‘Golden Triangle’ of tourism Delhi– Agra– Jaipur, Mathura has greater religious value for Hindu devotees. Mathura is significant by being the blessed place where Lord Krishna was born and considered as top religious destination of India. Mathura with nearby areas of Braj, Nandgaon and Vrindavan is identified as land of Krishna or Brij bhumi or Krishna Janmbhumi. Krishna is remembered in folklores for his childhood episodes and adolescent time ‘Krishna Leelas’. In Mahabharata, the epic war, he gave one of the best archaic discourses that became legendary ‘Bhagwad Gita’, the sacred book that enlightened Arjun and showed him the real path of life to follow.
How to reach– Mathura is connected by trains from Delhi 145 km on way to Agra in Uttar Pradesh which is 50 km from Mathura. Also the city is connected by road transport to Agra and Delhi.
Mathura’s historical significance
Mathura had reference from Ramayana era when Rama’s brother Shatrughna slayed a demon here. Then 5000 years back Krishna gave identity to Mathura. That time Yadu dynasty rulers were a force to reckon with in Mathura. Mathura also had Buddhist links in 6th century.
Places to see
Sri Krishna Janmbhoomi Temple– This prison temple is the biggest attraction for devotees and their reason for coming to Mathura. As per the legend Krishna was born in prison to Devki and Vasudev. This prison is now the part of this most sought after temple. The temple is managed by Vallabhacharya sect since it was rebuilt in 1814 AD after artifacts discovered affirmed it to be Krishna’s birthplace. The temple is in the middle of the city and crowd of devotees throng the spot in huge numbers. At the Janm-asthmi, birthday of Krishna, there is a great fest and the devotees fill up Mathura to the brim.
Dwarkadheesh Temple- Not far from Ram Janm Bhoomi temple, this one is famous for its architecture and intricate carvings. Built in early 19th century is known also as Nija mandir or Jagat Mandir.
Gita Mandir– a holy temple as name suggests Gita is inscribed on the walls of the temple. Built by industrial group Birlas, this temple is spectacular in its construction having idols of deities Krishna, Rama and Sita.
Vishram Ghat– Said to be the place where Lord Krishna rested after he killed tyrant Kansa. Surrounded by many important temples, one can have a thrilling time at aarti in the evening on the banks of Yamuna river here.
Museum– A museum was built in 1874 and was known as Curzon museum. It has artifacts and peep into art and culture history of Mathura. Octagonal sand stone building is amazing to behold. One can have a reflection of Mathura’s history by looking at coins, terracotta and clay models besides other artifacts of the bygone era.
Other significant religious places in Mathura are Juma Masjid, Shri Jambu Swami Nirvan Sthal Digamber Jain Mandir Chaurasi and Gayatri Tapobhumi.