Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is a UNESCO world heritage site, located in Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam in India. The sanctuary is home to one-horned Rhinos. Two-third of the world’s one-horned rhinos live here. The grassy and marshy forest of 430 sq. km is perfect platform to show its flora and fauna. The topography is grassland to marshland, with elephant grass and water bodies that’s perfect for animal habitat. The broad leafy plantations are the safe hideout for many species of animals.
The history of Kaziranga dates back to 1904 when Lady Curzon visited and initiated the protection program for one- horned rhinos. Subsequently it was made a reserve forest and the land extended till Brahmputra river banks. The sanctuary was renamed as Kazhiranga Wildlife sanctuary. Post- independence, this got the status of National Park and laws against poaching made very strict.
How to reach
Air– Jorhat airport is 96 km and is connected to Guwahati and Kolkatta by air. For those coming from rest of India, Guwahati airport is the nearest one from Kaziranga. Thereafter there is a long road journey.
Rail- Furkating 80 km is nearest railway station connected to Guwahati.
Road- Park HQ Bokakat is on NH-37 (Now NH-715). State buses, private coaches and taxis are available from Guwahati, Silchur, Jorhat and Furkating to reach Kohora, the main entrance of National Park.
Where to stay in Kaziranga
Private and Government guest houses are available in Kohora and Bagori. In addition, one can stay at standard as well as premium hotel with various amenities while visiting Kaziranga.
Information for tourists
- One can explore the park only through Elephant safari or Jeep safari
- Safari should be booked beforehand at Park Admin office at Kohora
- Three routes to the park are opened for tourists Kohora, Bagori and Agaratoli
- The park closes for Monsoons from mid-April to mid- October
- The visitors can take their own vehicle, accompanied with the park official
- There are six watch towers to observe wildlife
- Hiking in the park is not allowed, owing to loose dangerous wild animals
- Get your own binoculars to observe wildlife
Kaziranga sight seeing
Kaziranga National Park will be etched in your memory for the superb experience you would get here. Great one- horn rhinos are such a unique sight that visitors come from thousands of miles to see them. The one- horn rhinos are about 2000 in numbers, that’s quite an achievement in their growth from meagre 200 in the beginning of 20th century. Interestingly, despite its extra thick skin and big frame this animal is a grass eater, a confirmed herbivorous. This animal always had been endangered, since 6 years of its age, when it’s horn starts to grow. It becomes a target for poaching because of its horn, mistakenly considered an aphrodisiac. One can easily spot great numbers of rhinos on day 1, with luck and by taking early morning Elephant safari to the jungle.
The herds of elephants are also the residents of Kaziranga park. The gigantic animals can be seen enjoying their habitat here along with other herd members. There are about 1000 elephants in Kaziranga. The water buffalos are known for their 70% world population found here in Kaziranga. Hordes of wild water buffaloes with their splendid horns are easily spotted here.
Kaziranga has one of the highest density of Tiger population here, one in 5 sq. km, total 115 tigers. It was declared Tiger Reserve in 2006. Other animals you can see here are herds of Hog Deer, Sambar and Swamp Deer, wild boar, Hog Badgers, Porcupine. Red Jungle Fowl, Kaleej pheasant and swamp Francolin etc.
If you are Avifauna lover here you can have a rollicking time, as 478 species of local and migratory birds are found here. The birds that can be spotted here include Ducks, geese, kingfishers, herons, shanks, terns, stork, cranes, Pallas Fishing Eagle, Hornbills and imperial eagles etc.
Kaziranga National Park is a gift of nature to mankind that one must visit once in the lifetime, to appreciate the balance created here by the creator in flora and fauna.