Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park was established as a tiger sanctuary in 1936 by endeavors of legendary hunter turned naturalist Jim Corbett, who used to live near this national park. Jim Corbett National Park was originally named Hailey national park, post independence it changed to Ramganga National Park then finally to Corbett National Park. In 1973 when save the tiger mission ‘Project Tiger’ started, this was the first sanctuary to come under this project. Today the tiger population in the sanctuary has highest density of tigers per sq km in the world.
Gateway to Corbett National park is Ramnagar which is 15 km away. Distance between Delhi to Ramnagar is 260 km.
Ramnagar is a town in District of Nainital in state of Uttrakhand. Ramnagar is well connected by road and rail. There is a direct train from Delhi to Ramnagar, nearest main line railway station is Moradabad.
Permission for entry
The day visit permits are given at the entry gates. If you plan to stay overnight or longer time the permission from CTR reception office at Ramnagar is required. The Park is divided into five zones and has five entry gates. The permit for entry is available on all five entries.
The weather is pretty extreme like north India normally has. May and June are summer’s hottest months, the heavy rains of monsoon in July and August and winters can be very cold and foggy from Oct to March. Though, October and November are very pleasant when winter is setting in. Clothing should be brought accordingly.
Jim Corbett is well known as popular winter holiday destination of India.
Spread over 1318.54 sq km Jim Corbett National Park has 520 sq km as core area and 797.72 sq km as buffer area, which contains reserve forest 496.54 sq km and 301.18 sq km area is of Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary. The flat valleys are interspersed with hilly terrains, marshy depressions, rolling grasslands, a lake and rivers flowing through the park help maintain a perfect eco-system balance. The sanctuary has network of roads through the dense forest.
Zoning of Park
Bijrani Safari zone-
Eentry gate is 1 km from Ramnagar, famous for grassy natural beauty of the zone.
Jhirna Safari zone
Entry gate 16 km from Ramnagar, open round the year.
Dhela Safari zone-
Eco tourism zone included in the tiger reserve in Nov 2014, part of buffer zone open to tourism. It is located 13 km from Ramnagar town.
Entry gate is 18 km from Ramnagar, Dhikala is famous for its flora and fauna.
Durga devi zone-
Its entry gate is 36 km from Ramnagar, it has heavenly environment for bird watchers.
Where to stay
Best place to stay in Corbett national park is in the Park itself. The five zones of the Park have forest guest houses. This is to facilitate number of clients who visit to see the bounty of nature in the sanctuary. These guest houses are worth spending your time in the national park. Set in natural environment, these guest houses have all the facilities to make your trip memorable. Many alternate accommodations and luxury hotels are available around the park and Ramnagar town.
Wild life – Flora and fauna
Fauna-Corbett Park is for wild life, preserved in the dense forest of tarai bhambar area in the foot hills. The tiger population is around 160 who have a happy abode for striped predators. Other animals who are prominent with their presence are leopards, elephants, spotted deer, barking deer, hog deer, wild boar, porcupines, sloth bear, nilgai, chital and sambhar etc. Most variety of snakes and lizards also enjoy living here.
Besides, aqua fauna comprises of 600 species of birds, crocodile and gharial which can also be seen here. The fishes like catfish, goonch, golden mahsheer are found in the water bodies.
Flora-For nature lovers who have interest in plants and trees, there are many trees like Sal wood, Khair, sissoo, shisham, bakli, pula, kharpat, chir pine, oak, Bel, kusum, mahua, bamboos, grasses, climbers and herbs. These are spread from valley to higher terrain.
Safaris in Jim Corbett National Park
Jeep safari- Different safaris for tourist are designed; there is one for the early morning, afternoon and other for full day. All permits are issued in the name of the visitor individually.
Elephant safari- For elephant safari visitors have to book in advance. The elephant safari is a unique experience should be availed, if you are lucky you may see tigers stretching or walking.
Fishing– Two Rivers are flowing through Corbett Park which is ideal for fishing. However, permission has to be taken for fishing which is for ‘catch and release’ only.
Adventure sports- Jim Corbett National Park has adventure sports like rock climbing, river crossing and slithering, also hot air balloon and river rafting can be done here.
In Jim Corbett National Park many camping, trekking, wild life awareness etc tour packages are also available for children, schools and colleges.