Hampi Karnataka- top religious destination in India
Hampi is a small town in north Karnataka. The seat of the renowned and affluent Vijaynagara empire, Hampi was once the biggest city in India. Though still regarded for its religious importance because of Virupaksha temple, there are several monuments that are reminder of good old times that are under UNESCO World Heritage site.
How to reach Hampi
Air– Nearest airport is Bellary 60 km away, cabs available from there to Hampi. Flights
Rail– The nearest railway station is Hospet which is 13km away. There are several direct as well as connected trains to reach the place.
Road– There is plenty of government bus services as well as private transport from neighboring states to reach Hampi.
Some artifacts found indicate Hampi to be under Ashoka the great in 3rd century BCE. It’s best time was with Vijayanagar empire 1343 to 1565, in pre- Mughals India. Around 1500 CE Hampi had second largest population of inhabitants and a strong army. But Deccan Muslims Confederacy invaded and seized Hampi, because it was secured by mountains on three sides and on fourth side Tunghabhadra river flowing. It went into a time capsule and lost its existence, barring 7th century Virupaksha temple. In 1800 it was rediscovered by one Colonel Colin Mackenzie. This place is historically and architecturally very significant. The Karnataka State Government has proposed to associate ruins of Hampi of India and Machu Picchu in Peru in South America. As per the proposed plan, these two historic sites may soon become sister heritage sites.
The city of Vijayanagara was originally encircled by seven lines of fortified defense. These fortifications had a large number of citadels and gateways. The seventh & the innermost fortification encompassed the main city and is conserved. The monuments of Vijayanagara or Hampi can be divided into Religious monuments that include Jain temples, Civil & Military buildings and two Devi shrines. In addition to some other structures in the Virupaksha temple complex of 7th century BE.
Hugely important pilgrimage for the worshipers of Lord Shiva. The 7th century CE Temple is one of the oldest functioning temples of India. The sanctum Sanctorum contains the Idol of lord Virupaksha in the form of a Linga. This temple has immense religious sanctity.
Mahanavami Dibba or Dasara Dibba–
It is one of the most impressive structures in Hampi. It is nicely designed stone platform that is located within the Royal Enclosure of Hampi. It was built and designed in the typical Vijayanagara style of architecture.
Vittala or Vitthala Temple-
Vitthala Temple is an ancient monument that is well-known for its unique architecture and exceptional craftsmanship. It is considered to be one of the largest and the most famous structure in Hampi-Karnataka. The temple is located in the north eastern part near the banks of the Tungabhadra River.
The iconic temple has amazing stone structures out of them stone chariot and the fascinating musical pillars are incomparable. Imperious monument is a huge attraction of the ruined town and should be seen by all. Its sculpting is very fascinating.
It is an ancient structure with a highly impressive architecture. It is located at a short distance from the famous Vittala Temple and stands near the Chariot Street. The Gejjala Mantapa is believed to have been used for religious functions during the days of the Vijayanagara Empire.