Amritsar – A City of Golden Temple
Amritsar is to Sikhs what Vatican is to Catholics. It is a seat of Sikhism and a city which became famous for being house to ‘Golden Temple’ or Harmandir Sahab. The name Amritsar is derived from a pool, named Amritsar which means ‘pool of nectar’. This was constructed at the sacred site of Harmandir Sahib, on a land gifted by Emperor Akbar to IVth Guru of Sikhs Guru Ramdas in 16th century.
This city is the base of Sikh devotion and culture. A shrine of deep devotion of Sikhism, Golden Temple attracts more visitors than Taj Mahal each year. The visitors come from within India and NRIs from abroad. For Khalsa panth or Sikhism Akaal Takht means ‘throne of almighty, which is a supreme seat of authority relating to religious activities and upkeep of Gurudwaras.
Why visit the place
Amritsar, a town of Punjab province, being a pilgrimage and destination for Sikhs who have a humble devotion towards Golden Temple is worth seeing to believe. Amritsar is the showcase of Punjabi culture of yesteryears to modern times, from tourism, old exotic historical places, and cuisines. Amritsar is just 29 kms from Wagah Border Pakistan, where people flock to see beating retreat ceremony each day. Jalianwala Bagh the venue of mass massacre during freedom struggle, are few reasons why one must visit Amritsar.
The city is also famous for blankets, carpets, handicrafts, engineering products etc. The city is a joy for people who love to eat. The older part of the city has lots of traditional food which is part of Punjabi culture.
What not to miss
A majestic golden aura of Golden Temple and a pious pool built by Guru Ramdas, is the identity of Amritsar. Millions of visitors visit this shrine each year. Golden Temple is located in old Amritsar where narrow lanes were built for security reasons. Old market where one can taste excellent Punjabi cuisine and can have feel of culture.
Jalianwala Bagh is a historical place where in year 1919, civilians gathered on 13th April Baisakhi day in the park of Jalianwala. They were ordered to be massacred without warning, by one British General Dyer. Thereafter, the struggle for independence of India came on fast track. A beautiful park and a memorial for those who died are erected on site.
A Park developed in the name of city founder Guru Ramdas. This is a beautiful park located in neo side of the town. In middle of Ram Bagh, a museum in summer palace of Maharaja Ranjeet Singh can be seen which is interesting to watch. Lots of war and peace artifacts, coins, oil paintings, miniatures etc. are on display there. A horse & rider statue of Maharaja Ranjeet Singh is also an attraction. A replica of famous ‘Kohinoor’ diamond is on display too. The museum remains closed on Wednesdays.
It is the international border of India and Pakistan. At time of beating retreat and change of guard’s ritual, both forces make it a pompous and boot stomping event, watched by elated people on both sides. The visit to Wagah Border is a unique experience for all.
For travelers and explorers there is lot to see and try in Amritsar enjoy, a culture which
showcases flavor of big hearted Punjabis, who had a strong presence in Indian history.
Is available in all budgets from star hotels to budget hotels and guest houses.
There is an International airport in Amritsar. It is connected to all major countries via Delhi. Jet Airways has flights from Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan. Air India has New Delhi- Amritsar- New Delhi flights every day.
Amritsar has train connection from all cities of India and it is the last station to international border of Wagah.
Amritsar is on Grand Trunk Road and well connected to New Delhi, and other cities.
In Amritsar for local transportation Taxis, Rickshaws and Autos are available.